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Sunday, 29 August 2021



 As an individual everyone seeks physical and mental well-being. But with the rapidly growing hastiness, we often tend to lead a considerably in-disciplined lifestyle. But as inevitable as it can be, we can't evade the unavoidable engagements that we need to procure. So the question is, what's the workaround? Neither can we avoid our busy schedule nor can we follow a disciplined routine. Here's where Renatus Nova® turns out to be really vital. Originating from the laps of natural essence, Renatus Nova® comprises of 9 ingredients which is extremely nutritious. Talking about the whereabouts, Renatus Wellness® is a USA registered Nutraceuticals research and development company. We have a lustrous team of adept scientist and research workers who are well-versed in their respective fields. These handpicked geniuses gathered in unison and the consequence was a magnificent blend of natural essence, eventually shaping the emergence of Renatus Nova®. Renatus Nova®, specifically speaking, is enriched with the most vital natural ingredients which nature has to offer. Renatus Nova® helps in annihilating many ailments which can turn out to be deadly. A neutraceutical which can also be used as an edible product, Renatus Nova® can improve the overall immunology. Renatus Nova® is designed in accordance to the current market requirements, which fulfils today's crying need. So at last but not the least, given the current lifestyle we procure, it's necessary to include such a neutraceutical in our regime - which palliates the chances of several ailments along with consolidating the immune system. As a rapidly growing direct selling industry, we are eyeing to accomplish newer zeniths with the assistance of our esteemed customers.


Mission & Vision

A well established company must set their visionary ahead of everything. More far sightedness a company attains, more they are tend to be triumphant. Since we are already considered as an established direct selling organisation - we must also have a visionary and we do. As a rapidly ameliorating company our mission is not only to be renowned as a successful organisation but also helping out people by improving their physical, emotional and mental well-being. We are trying to infuse the thought 'health is wealth' by producing proficient products. Our visionary is to keep up the brilliant work we have been doing till date. The biggest room in this world is said to be the room for improvement - and we strictly abide by that. We are eyeing to constantly develop our product, which in future might open up many possibilities for the people. So in a nutshell our goal is to stand by the people, with the people and for the people.

Monday, 19 July 2021



 hough organizational growth is optimal for both small and large companies, it comes with many different challenges. With expansion comes more responsibilities, strategic planning, and the need for better communication.

As a startup evolves from 5 employees to 200, new business units are created to handle specific functions and optimize efficiency. Managers are required to monitor each department to ensure everyone is meeting targets on time. The owner must track competitors who would like nothing more than to lure away customers.

These new requirements make it essential to have an information system in place that uses artificial intelligence to allow employees and managers to communicate, collaborate, and quickly process transactions.

Furthermore, both an evolving and established company can benefit from using different types of information systems that help each unit make structured decisions and enhance problem-solving skills.

Information System Classification:

    Operational Management - Includes transaction processing system, office automation system, and knowledge management system, handles structured data, and used by workers and employees to streamline daily operations
    Tactical Management - Used by business unit managers, handles semi-structured data, and includes management information systems
    Strategic Management - Used by executives, handles unstructured data, and includes the decision support system and executive support system

6 Types of Information Systems



Most businesses utilize six different information technology systems, each with functionality that assists in managing a particular business unit or organizational level.

Because the business environment has a wide range of data requirements, business intelligence technology systems help each department manage and organize all of their data in a manner that helps unit members meet key objectives.

If the data collected by an IS is relevant and accurate, the organization can use it to streamline tasks, pinpoint inefficiencies, and enhance customer service.

Successful companies typically employ six different systems to ensure that every aspect of the organization's data is properly managed and used to improve decision-making and problem-solving.

This allows a company to maintain a competitive edge, find growth opportunities, and keep an accurate audit trail of financial and transactional data for compliance purposes.
Here is an overview of the six types of information systems and how they work-

1. Transaction Processing Systems
1 transaction processing systems 1609792000 8459

A transaction encompasses all of the purchases and sales of products and services, along with any daily business transactions or activities required to operate a company.

Quantities and the types of transactions performed vary, depending on the industry and size/scope of the company. Examples of typical transactions include billing clients, bank deposits, new hire data, inventory counts, or a record of client-customer relationship management data.

A transaction processing system ensures that all of the contractual, transactional, and customer relationship data is stored in a safe location and accessible to everyone who needs it. It also assists in the processing of sales order entries, payroll, shipping, sales management, or other routine transactions needed to maintain operations.

By utilizing a TPS, organizations can have a high level of reliability and accuracy in their user/customer data while minimizing the potential for human error.

2. Office Automation Systems

An office automation system is a network of various tools, technologies, and people required to conduct clerical and managerial tasks.

Typical examples of functions performed by an OAS include printing documents, mailing paperwork, mailing, maintaining a company calendar, and producing reports. Primarily, an office automation system assists in enhancing communication among different departments so everyone can collaborate to complete a task.

An OAS can integrate with e-mail or word processing applications to ensure all communication data is easily accessible and in one centralized location. By utilizing an office automation system, businesses can improve communication between workers, streamline managerial activities, and optimize knowledge management.

3. Knowledge Management Systems

A knowledge management system stores and extracts information to help users enhance their knowledge and optimize collaboration efforts to complete tasks. Examples of documents found in a knowledge management system include employee training materials, company policies, and procedures, or answers to customer questions.

A KMS is used by employees, customers, management, and other various stakeholders involved with the organization. It ensures that technical abilities are integrated throughout the company while providing visuals to help employees make sense of the data they see.


This information system also provides intuitive access to external information required by workers who need outside knowledge to complete their roles. For example, a KMS may hold competitor data that helps a sales team member optimize his/her strategy when pitching to a customer.

Because a KMS shares expertise and provides answers to essential questions, using one can improve communication among team members and assist everyone in meeting performance goals.

4. Management Information Systems

A management information system uses various transaction data from a TPS to help middle management optimize planning and decision-making.

It retrieves TPS information, aggregates it, and generates reports to help those at the management level know important details of a situation. Summaries and comparisons are utilized to allow senior managers to optimize the decision making process to achieve better results.

Most of the report formats encompass summaries of annual sales data, performance data, or historical records. This provides a secure and systemized way for managers to meet their targets and oversee business units.

5. Decision Support Systems

A decision support system processes data to assist in management decision-making. It stores and gathers the information required for management to take the proper actions at the correct time. For example, a bank manager can use a DSS to assess the evolving loan trends to determine which yearly loan targets to meet.

Decision models are programmed into the IS to analyze and summarize large quantities of information and put it into a visual that makes it understandable.

Because a DSS is interactive, management can easily add or delete data and ask important questions. This provides the evidence required for mid-management to make the right choices that will ensure the company meets its targets.

6. Executive Support System


Executive support systems are similar to a DSS but are primarily used by executive leaders and owners to optimize decision-making.

An expert system helps enterprise leaders find answers to non-routine questions so they can make choices that improve the company's outlook and performance. Unlike a DSS, an executive support system provides better telecommunication functionality and a bigger computing functionality.

Graphics software is integrated within an ESS to display data about tax regulations, new competitive startups, internal compliance issues, and other relevant executive information. This allows leaders to track internal performance, monitor the competition, and pinpoint growth opportunities.

Specific Use Cases for Information Systems:

    Enterprise Resource Planning - Provides organization-wide integration of important business activities, handles the allocation of resources to optimize efficiency
    Accounting Information System - Manages all of the accounting information in an organization, including payroll to streamline human resource tasks
    Sales Management System - An information system that manages and monitors all of the sales and marketing data in an organization to streamline each step of the sales process

Key Takeaways
key takeaways 1609792001 2481

In conclusion, here are the key takeaways to remember about each type of IS-

    Transaction processing systems TPS handles all of the customer and employee transaction data so an organization can streamline workflows and easily retrieve the required information.
    An office automation system manages all of the clerical and managerial daily tasks in a business to help optimize communication and improve collaboration efforts.
    A knowledge management system handles expertise on a variety of subjects and assists in knowledge-sharing so users can become more informed and enhance their job performance.
    An information system MIS uses processing system TPS data to help middle managers optimize decision-making and monitor performance.
    A support system DSS processes information to help managers make the right choices at the right time.
    An executive system information system manages all of the required information needed for enterprise leaders to monitor the competition, track internal performance, and pinpoint growth opportunities.


Wednesday, 7 July 2021


Technology refers to the use of tools, machines, materials, techniques and sources of power to make work easier and more productive. While science is concerned with understanding how and why things happen, technology deals with making things happen
Development is closely related with technology. The stage of development the human being has arried could have been possible without the advancement in technology. The radical change and advancement in the economy, as we observe today, is the result of the modern technology.

Technology has brought about efficiency and quality in the manufacturing sector. Technological advancement has reduced the risk involved in manufacturing enterprises. There has been tremendous improvement in the field of health the world over not only the average age of people has increased but the mortality rate has also declined considerably.

This could be possible only because of technological advancement in health sector. There is perhaps no field of human life which has not been affected by technology. Agriculture, industry, profession, health, education, art, political processes, recreation, religious activities and daily life activities all are under the influence of technology.

But, it is important to keep in mind that technological advancement has affected human life both positively as Well as negatively. Not only that life has become easy and comfortable, there are also indications of several threats to life and society in the future due to use/misuse of modern technology.

ADVERTISEMENTS:

The nature and extent of development the human society has experienced by now is heading towards crises in future. The sustainability of development is in question today. This has happened only due to irrational use of technology.

It has been discussed here as to how development – economic as well as social – takes place with the advancement of technology but not without leaving a scar to threaten the human society. The development of technology, which itself is symptomatic of development, has brought about not only economic development but also radical changes in the social and cultural spheres of society.

This articles also points out the negative effects of technological advancements on social, cultural and economic aspects of human life. Technological advancement and development have come to a stage where human society finds itself at a crossroads. The positive as well as negative roles of technology have put humans into to a situation of flux and confusion.
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at last i will say good luck by 

                                                                                                                                        yours friend

                                                                                                                                     KAMAL DEEP

Sunday, 4 July 2021

 


  81  cd bin/mahout  
  174  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/
  209  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/
  247  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/
  275  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/
  289  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops -o /sqoop/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  290  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  295  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  304  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  310  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  331  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  333  MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse  -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir-sparse-kmeans --namedVec -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  334  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse  -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir-sparse-kmeans --namedVec -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  335  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse  -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir-sparse-kmeans --namedVector -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  338  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  341  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  344  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  346  mahout seqdirectory -i /sqoop/ops2 -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  355  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir-sparse-kmeans --namedVec -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  356  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir-sparse-kmeans --namedVector -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  407  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans --nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  408  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  416  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans --namedVector -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  502  export PATH=/usr/lib64/qt-3.3/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/hadoop/hdp/sbin:/home/hadoop/hdp/bin:/home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/bin:/home/hadoop/pig/bin:/home/hadoop/hbase/hbase102/bin:/usr/lib/sqoop/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:
  520  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/
  524  vi /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/
  525  cd /home/hadoop/mahout/mahout0101/examples/bin/


  548  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  552  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  555  MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  556  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  563  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  566  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  588  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  594  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  603  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  605  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  607  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  630  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  639  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  640  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  644  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  646  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  648  $MAHOUT_HOME/bin/mahout seq2sparse -i /sqoop/opswork/ops-out-seqdir/ -o /sqoop/opswork/opsoutseqdirsparsekmeans -nv -wt tfidf -ng 3 -n 2 --maxDFPercent 85
  766  mahout seqdumper -s /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/out_fname.txt -o /home/hadoop/transfer/vectors.txt
  767  mahout seqdumper -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/out_fname.txt -o /home/hadoop/transfer/vectors.txtm
  770  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/out_fname.txt -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1  
  771  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/out_fname.txt -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  772  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -o $/home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/seq2sparse-fname --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector
  778  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1  
  779  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -o $/home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/seq2sparse-fname --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector
  782  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1
  783  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -o $/home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/seq2sparse-fname --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector
  791  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1
  792  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -o $/home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/seq2sparse-fname --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector  
  794  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1
  797  mahout fkmeans -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -c /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fkmeans-clusters -o /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/workdir -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1
  798  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/fname/ -o $/home/hadoop/transfer/ml/out/seq2sparse-fname --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector
  880  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  884  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  902  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  911  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  914  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  916  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  918  mahout seqdirectory -i /home/hadoop/test10/test-out -o /home/hadoop/test10/step1 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  931  mahout seqdirectory -i /test2/ -o /home/test2 -c UTF-8 -chunk 64 -xm sequential
  932  mahout seq2sparse -i /home/test2/ -o /test2/sparse --maxDFPercent 85 --namedVector
  933  mahout help
  934  mahout fkmeans help
  935  mahout fkmeans -i /test2/sparse/tf-vectors -c test2/test2-fkmeans-clusters -o /test2/test-fkmeans -dm org.apache.mahout.common.distance.EuclideanDistanceMeasure -x 10 -k 20 -ow -m 1.1
  936  mahout clusterdump -i /test2/test-fkmeans/clusters-*-final -o /test2/test-fkmeans/clusterdump -d /test2/sparse/dictionary.file-0 -dt sequencefile -b 100 -n 20 -sp 0
  937  mahout clusterdump -i /test2/test-fkmeans/clusters-*-final -o /test2/clusterdump -d /test2/sparse/dictionary.file-0 -dt sequencefile -b 100 -n 20 -sp 0
  939  mahout clusterdump -i /test2/test-fkmeans/clusters-*-final -o /test2/
Alt+R Reload Program Alt+N Next Program Alt+A Auto-mode Alt+F Full screen
 

Monday, 28 June 2021


Information technology (IT) is the use of any computers, storage, networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data. Typically, IT is used in the context of business operations, as opposed to technology used for personal or entertainment purposes. The commercial use of IT encompasses both computer technology and telecommunications.

The Harvard Business Review coined the term information technology to make a distinction between purpose-built machines designed to perform a limited scope of functions, and general-purpose computing machines that could be programmed for various tasks. As the IT industry evolved from the mid-20th century, computing capability increased, while device cost and energy consumption decreased, a cycle that continues today when new technologies emerge.
What does information technology encompass?

The term information technology has grown to embrace an array of technologies and related disciplines. IT still comprises basic computer-based information systems, including computing hardware, operating systems (OSes), application software and the data that is processed to produce useful information. Over time, each of these IT components and functions has become more complex, embracing ever-growing subsets of technologies and methodologies.

For example, application development began as a relatively linear process where systems analysts and programmers created code to achieve a business purpose. It has evolved into a more cooperative and organic process that embodies application creation processes, such as DevOps and agile software development.

Even operating systems -- the basic code that makes servers and client computers work -- have taken on new dimensions. Technologies such as virtualization and containerization have broken, or at least changed, the bond between OSes and host hardware. As a result, IT no longer just happens locally; cloud computing environments now complement and even replace on-premises resources of the traditional data center.

All these developments have made IT more complex and required greater specialization and new roles and responsibilities from the IT workforce.
IT components and functions
IT encompasses many different technologies, capabilities and functions.
Why is information technology important?

It's been said that data is what powers industries worldwide. That may be hyperbole, but few businesses -- large or small -- can remain competitive without the ability to collect data and turn it into useful information. IT provides the means to develop, process, analyze, exchange, store and secure information.

Data processing plays a significant role in these core business practices, among others, including:

    product development and design;


    marketing and market research;
    sales and invoicing;
    customer development and retention;
    accounting and taxes;
    human resources and payroll; and
    regulatory compliance.

Computing has penetrated practically every part of business and much of our personal lives, as well. The ubiquity of computing -- also referred to as pervasive computing -- is another reason why IT is critical. Computing devices have evolved well beyond personal computers (PCs) and servers. Today, all businesses and most individuals have and use multiple computing devices, including phones, tablets, laptops, game consoles and even doorbells, thermostats, vacuums and many kitchen appliances.

Virtually all of these devices, many of which are part of the internet of things (IoT), tap into the internet, which interconnects billions of devices worldwide. It's a complex and, potentially, perilous environment that requires IT expertise for management, security, maintenance and reliability.
IT software and hardware

IT includes several layers of physical equipment (hardware), virtualization, management systems, automation tools, operating systems, other system software and applications used to perform essential functions. As noted above, user devices, peripherals and software can be included in the IT domain. IT can also refer to the architectures, methodologies and regulations governing the use and storage of data.
Software

There are two categories of software: system software and applications. System software encompasses the computer programs that manage the basic computing functions. They include the following:

    OSes;
    basic input/output systems (BIOSes);
    boot programs;
    assemblers; and
    device drivers.

Business applications include:

    databases, such as SQL Server;
    transactional systems, such as real-time order entry;
    email servers, like Microsoft Exchange
    web servers, like Apache and Microsoft's Internet Information Services (IIS);
    customer relationship management (CRM), such as Oracle NetSuite and HubSpot; and
    enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, like SAP S/4HANA.

These applications make use of programmed instructions to manipulate, consolidate, disperse and otherwise work with data for a business purpose.

Mobile applications that run on smartphones, tablets and other portable devices typically connect with

cloud or data center applications over the internet. These applications have expanded the scope of computing and created a new category of software and telecommunications that requires special expertise to maintain.
Hardware

There are many different types of computer hardware. Computer servers run business applications. Servers interact with client devices in the client-server model. They also communicate with other servers across computer networks, which typically link to the internet.

Storage is another type of hardware. It's any technology that holds information as data. Storage may be local on a specific server or shared among many servers, and it may be installed on premises or accessed via a cloud service. Information that is stored can take many forms, including file, multimedia, telephony, and web and sensors data. Storage hardware includes volatile random-access memory (RAM) as well as non-volatile tape, hard disk drives and solid-state drives.

Telecom equipment, comprising network interface cards (NICs), cabling, wireless communications and switching devices, connect the hardware elements together and to external networks.
Abstracting hardware and software

IT architectures have evolved to include virtualization and cloud computing, where physical resources are abstracted and pooled in different configurations to meet application requirements. Clouds may be distributed across locations and shared with other IT users, or they can be contained within a corporate data center, or some combination of both deployments.

Volatility is a characteristic of virtualized resources, enabling them to expand and contract as needed. Subscription-based cloud or locally installed resources, such as storage or composable architectures, can spin up resources, such as servers, OSes and application software, as needed and then release them when processing is complete.
Information technology vs. computer science

When researching careers in IT, you're likely to come across the term computer science. While there is overlap between IT and computer science, the two are distinct disciplines with different courses of study to prepare for careers in either area.
Information technology

IT is generally associated with the application of technology to deal with business issues. As such, the IT workforce is oriented toward developed technologies such as hardware systems, OSes and application software. Proficiency in IT is required to identify the hardware and software components that should be used to enhance a specific business process. IT pros work with a variety of technologies, such as server OSes, communications devices and software, and applications.

Preparation for an IT career requires basic courses in hardware and software systems. IT degree programs may include subjects such as:

    business analysis
    project management
    telecommunications
    network administration
    database design
    database management

information technology vs. computer science


Wednesday, 16 June 2021

Technology



Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia[2]) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e.g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems.

The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric invention of shaped stone tools followed by the discovery of how to control fire increased sources of food. The later Neolithic Revolution extended this, and quadrupled the sustenance available from a territory. The invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment.

Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.

Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

Contents

    1 Definition and usage
    2 Science, engineering, and technology
    3 History
        3.1 Paleolithic (2.5 Ma – 10 ka)
            3.1.1 Stone tools
            3.1.2 Fire
            3.1.3 Clothing and shelter
        3.2 Neolithic through classical antiquity (10 ka – 300 CE)
            3.2.1 Metal tools
            3.2.2 Energy and transport
            3.2.3 Plumbing
        3.3 Medieval and modern history (300 CE – present)
    4 Philosophy
        4.1 Technicism
        4.2 Optimism
        4.3 Skepticism and critics
        4.4 Appropriate technology
        4.5 Optimism and skepticism in the 21st century
        4.6 Complex technological systems
    5 Other animal species
    6 Future technology
    7 See also
    8 References
    9 Further reading

Definition and usage
The spread of paper and printing to the West, as in this printing press, helped scientists and politicians communicate their ideas easily, leading to the Age of Enlightenment; an example of technology as cultural force.

The use of the term "technology" has changed significantly over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or study of the useful arts[3] or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861).[4]

The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term's meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of Technik into "technology." In German and other European languages, a distinction exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which usually translates both terms as "technology." By the 1930s, "technology" referred not only to the study of the industrial arts but to the industrial arts themselves.[5]

In 1937, the American sociologist Read Bain wrote that "technology includes all tools, machines, utensils, weapons, instruments, housing, clothing, communicating and transporting devices and the skills by which we produce and use them."[6] Bain's definition remains common among scholars today, especially social scientists. Scientists and engineers usually prefer to define technology as applied science, rather than as the things that people make and use.[7] More recently, scholars have borrowed from European philosophers of "technique" to extend the meaning of technology to various forms of instrumental reason, as in Foucault's work on technologies of the self (techniques de soi).

Dictionaries and scholars have offered a variety of definitions. The Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary offers a definition of the term: "the use of science in industry, engineering, etc., to invent useful things or to solve problems" and "a machine, piece of equipment, method, etc., that is created by technology."[8] Ursula Franklin, in her 1989 "Real World of Technology" lecture, gave another definition of the concept; it is "practice, the way we do things around here."[9] The term is often used to imply a specific field of technology, or to refer to high technology or just consumer electronics, rather than technology as a whole.[10] Bernard Stiegler, in Technics and Time, 1, defines technology in two ways: as "the pursuit of life by means other than life," and as "organized inorganic matter."[11]

Technology can be most broadly defined as the entities, both material and immaterial, created by the application of mental and physical effort in order to achieve some value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems. It is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. Tools and machines need not be material; virtual technology, such as computer software and business methods, fall under this definition of technology.[12] W. Brian Arthur defines technology in a similarly broad way as "a means to fulfill a human purpose."[13]
The invention of integrated circuits and the microprocessor (here, an Intel 4004 chip from 1971) led to the modern computer revolution.

The word "technology" can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques. In this context, it is the current state of humanity's knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products, to solve problems, fulfill needs, or satisfy wants; it includes technical methods, skills, processes, techniques, tools and raw materials. When combined with another term, such as "medical technology" or "space technology," it refers to the state of the respective field's knowledge and tools. "State-of-the-art technology" refers to the high technology available to humanity in any field.

Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture.[14] Additionally, technology is the application of mathematics, science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known. A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and as a result has helped spawn new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has at its basis the development of the Internet and the computer.[15] As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalize some aspects of technological endeavor.
Science, engineering, and technology
Antoine Lavoisier experimenting with combustion generated by amplified sun light



The distinction between science, engineering, and technology is not always clear. Science is systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.[16] Technologies are not usually exclusively products of science, because they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, and safety.[17]

Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical human means, often (but not always) using results and techniques from science. The development of technology may draw upon many fields of knowledge, including scientific, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to achieve some practical result.

Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering, although technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. For example, science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may then be used by engineers to create new tools and machines such as semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists[disambiguation needed]; the three fields are often considered as one for the purposes of research and reference.[18]

The exact relations between science and technology, in particular, have been debated by scientists, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part because the debate can inform the funding of basic and applied science. In the immediate wake of World War II, for example, it was widely considered in the United States that technology was simply "applied science" and that to fund basic science was to reap technological results in due time. An articulation of this philosophy could be found explicitly in Vannevar Bush's treatise on postwar science policy, Science – The Endless Frontier: "New products, new industries, and more jobs require continuous additions to knowledge of the laws of nature ... This essential new knowledge can be obtained only through basic scientific research."[19] In the late-1960s, however, this view came under direct attack, leading towards initiatives to fund science for specific tasks (initiatives resisted by the scientific community). The issue remains contentious, though most analysts resist the model that technology is a result of scientific research.[20][21]
History
Main articles: History of technology, Timeline of electrical and electronic engineering, and Timeline of historic inventions
Paleolithic (2.5 Ma – 10 ka)
A primitive chopper
Further information: Outline of prehistoric technology

The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of foraging hominids which were already bipedal,[22] with a brain mass approximately one third of modern humans.[23] Tool use remained relatively unchanged for most of early human history. Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be connected to the emergence of fully modern language.[24]
Stone tools
Hand axes from the Acheulian period
A campfire, often used to cook food
A Clovis point, made via pressure flaking
A metal axe, estimated creation from 1600-1700 pressure flaking



Hominids started using primitive stone tools millions of years ago. The earliest stone tools were little more than a fractured rock, but approximately 75,000 years ago,[25] pressure flaking provided a way to make much finer work.
Fire
Main article: Control of fire by early humans

The discovery and use of fire, a simple energy source with many profound uses, was a turning point in the technological evolution of humankind.[26] The exact date of its discovery is not known; evidence of burnt animal bones at the Cradle of Humankind suggests that the domestication of fire occurred before 1 Ma;[27] scholarly consensus indicates that Homo erectus had controlled fire by between 500 and 400 ka.[28][29] Fire, fueled with wood and charcoal, allowed early humans to cook their food to increase its digestibility, improving its nutrient value and broadening the number of foods that could be eaten.[30]
Clothing and shelter

Other technological advances made during the Paleolithic era were clothing and shelter; the adoption of both technologies cannot be dated exactly, but they were a key to humanity's progress. As the Paleolithic era progressed, dwellings became more sophisticated and more elaborate; as early as 380 ka, humans were constructing temporary wood huts.[31][32] Clothing, adapted from the fur and hides of hunted animals, helped humanity expand into colder regions; humans began to migrate out of Africa by 200 ka and into other continents such as Eurasia.[33] As per an ANI report on June 15, 2021, following a fresh tussle with the central government over the new IT rules, Twitter was summoned before the Parliamentary Committee for Information and Technology today at 4 PM. ANI had also tweeted about this matter from its official Twitter handle. The tweet said, "Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information & Technology asks Twitter to appear before them in Parliament Complex on June 18 on safeguarding citizens’ rights & prevention of misuse of social/online news media platforms incl special emphasis on women security in digital space."

 

The Parliamentary panel read the agenda for the summoning of the social media platform. It said, "To hear the views of representatives of Twitter followed by evidence of representatives Electronics Technology `Safeguarding citizens` rights and prevention of misuse of social/online news media platforms including special emphasis on women security in the digital space."

Recently, the central government has issued a final notice to Twitter for complying with the new IT rules. In a letter to Twitter, Rakesh Maheshwari, Group Coordinator for Cyberlaw at the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) said, "It is noted that despite repeated letters from the ministry, Twitter has failed to provide adequate clarification."

In Twitter's response, a spokesperson from the social media platform said, "Twitter has been and remains deeply committed to India, and serving the vital public conversation taking place on the service." The spokesperson further informed that they have assured the government that the company is making every effort to comply with the new guidelines and an overview from the company's behalf will be shared. Furthermore, the social media platform will continue with their constructive dialogue with the Indian government.

The sources in the panel informed ANI that they will seek the reason behind Twitter's non-compliance with the new IT rules. A member of the panel told ANI, "We want to know which limitations are preventing Twitter to follow the rules made by the country or Twitter will adopt."

 All eyes today are at Twitter's response to the panel that will take place at 4 PM.

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You can now support hungry people with cooked mealsAkshaya Patra


retrieving large amounts of data accurately and quickly. An early such system was IBM's Information Management System (IMS),[24] which is still widely deployed more than 50 years later.[25] IMS stores data hierarchically,[24] but in the 1970s Ted Codd proposed an alternative relational storage model based on set theory and predicate logic and the familiar concepts of tables, rows ,and columns. In 1981, the first commercially available relational database management system (RDBMS) was released by Oracle.[26]




Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store or retrieve data[1] and information. IT is typically used within the context of business operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies.[2] IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). An information technology system (IT system) is generally an information system, a communications system, or, more specifically speaking, a computer system – including all hardware, software, and peripheral equipment – operated by a limited group of IT users.

Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating, and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing in about 3000 BC.[3] However, the term information technology in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review; authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT)." Their definition consists of three categories: techniques for processing, the application of statistical and mathematical methods to decision-making, and the simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs.[4]

The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several products or services within an economy are associated wiInformation technology (IT) is the use of computers to store or retrieve data[1] and information. IT is typically used within the context of business operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies.[2] IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). An information technology system (IT system) is generally an information system, a communications system, or, more specifically

speaking, a computer system – including all hardware, software, and peripheral equipment – operated by a limited group of IT users.

Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating, and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing in about 3000 BC.[3] However, the term information technology in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review; authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT)." Their definition consists of three categories: techniques for processing, the application of statistical and mathematical methods to decision-making, and the simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs.[4]

The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several products or services within an economy are associated with information technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecom equipment, and e-commerce.[5][a]

Based on the storage and processing technologies employed, it is possible to distinguish four distinct phases of IT development: pre-mechanical (3000 BC – 1450 AD), mechanical (1450–1840), electromechanical (1840–1940), and electronic (1940–present).[3] This article focuses on the most recent period (electronic). ion technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecom equipment, and e-commerce.[5][a]

Based on the storage and processing technologies employed, it is possible to distinguish four distinct phases of IT development: pre-mechanical (3000 BC – 1450 AD), mechanical (1450–1840), electromechanical (1840–1940), and electronic (1940–present).[3] This article focuses on the most  



Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e.g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems.

The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics. One of the most commonly used acronyms in the world of education is IT; still very few actually know what this field is all about. In a layman’s word, this is a study which covers the use of computer systems. Perhaps that is why IT has become a synonym of computers for a common man. However, IT has many more things to offer and is not just confined to the boundaries of the computer system and is used to study the use of varied systems, such as telecommunications. According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary, Information Technology is “the study or use of electronic equipment, especially computers, for storing, accessing, analysing and sending information”. This means that the students choosing this field have to deal with many things like the infrastructure, development, storage, processing, and networking of devices apart from exchanging various forms of electronic data and its security. In fact,security has become a major threat to the future of IT.
What makes IT amazing choice?



Information Technology has become a favorite choice not only for students but also for their parents, as it opens the roads for abroad. This popularity of IT is also due to its potential of improving the lives of a common man. A byword for smart life, Information technology has been the main catalyst to make the existence of mankind simpler, smoother and easier. In the contemporary world, a man with information has the power to turn the wheels of fortune. In addition to this, IT also challenges the competence of an individual and motivates them to come up with ideas that can transform the structure of human life. The stupendous role of Information Technology is well reflected in multi-national corporations, large-cap, mid-cap and small-cap businesses that involves and in a plethora of works like management of data, inventory, customer relationship, Information Systems, etc. Some of the most popular and mind-boggling ideas which are running on the wheels of IT are:

    Social media networking
    Patient portals
    Digital marketing
    Mobile Applications
    Website Applications
    Online shopping Portals
    Internet Banking

Strands Attached to IT Courses

The purpose of Information Technology courses is to equip students with theoretical knowledge as well as the skill sets that meet the requirements of the IT companies. Whether it is the designing, development or testing of software, all the things are a part of the IT courses. The students planning to pursue B-Tech in IT must realize the fact that this course includes the core concepts of database management systems, Java programming, information security, analysis of the algorithm, computer networking, ERP, E-commerce, cloud computing, software engineering and many other things related to operating systems.
Job Outcomes for the Students of Information Technology

Propelled by the challenges of employment, it becomes inevitable for the students to opt for a stream which unfolds myriad career opportunities. Information Technology is one such field in the engineering that paves way for a shining future. IT additionally helps in expanding one’s ability and identity. Anyone having qualities like good communication skills, curiosity to come up with new ideas and passion to improve their knowledge in the IT industry can expect the best things in their career. The most alluring part of this field is that there is no shortage of job options at both entry-level and expert level, as the IT sector is expanding by a quantum fold. After completing their B-Tech in IT, students can seek jobs at almost all the major Multinational Corporations (MNCs) like IBM, Microsoft, Cisco, etc. Here, some of the job profiles served by candidates after attaining a degree in the IT industry have been highlighted:One of the most commonly used acronyms in the world of education is IT; still very few actually know what this field is all about. In a layman’s word, this is a study which covers the use of computer systems. Perhaps that is why IT has become a synonym of computers for a common man. However, IT has many more things to offer and is not just confined to the boundaries of the computer system and is used to study the use of varied systems, such as telecommunications. According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary, Information Technology is “the study or use of electronic equipment, especially computers, for storing, accessing, analysing and sending information”. This

means that the students choosing this field have to deal with many things like the infrastructure, development, storage, processing, and networking of devices apart from exchanging various forms of electronic data and its security. In fact,security has become a major threat to the future of IT.
What makes IT amazing choice?

Information Technology has become a favorite choice not only for students but also for their parents, as it opens the roads for abroad. This popularity of IT is also due to its potential of improving the lives of a common man. A byword for smart life, Information technology has been the main catalyst to make the existence of mankind simpler, smoother and easier. In the contemporary world, a man with information has the power to turn the wheels of fortune. In addition to this, IT also challenges the competence of an individual and motivates them to come up with ideas that can transform the structure of human life. The stupendous role of Information Technology is well reflected in multi-national corporations, large-cap, mid-cap and small-cap businesses that involves and in a plethora of works like management of data, inventory, customer relationship, Information Systems, etc. Some of the most popular and mind-boggling ideas which are running on the wheels of IT are:

    Social media networking
    Patient portals
    Digital marketing
    Mobile Applications
    Website Applications
    Online shopping Portals
    Internet Banking

Strands Attached to IT Courses

The purpose of Information Technology courses is to equip students with theoretical knowledge as well as the skill sets that meet the requirements of the IT companies. Whether it is the designing, development or testing of software, all the things are a part of the IT courses. The students planning to pursue B-Tech in IT must realize the fact that this course includes the core concepts of database management systems, Java programming, information security, analysis of the algorithm, computer networking, ERP, E-commerce, cloud computing, software engineering and many other things related to operating systems.
Job Outcomes for the Students of Information Technology

Propelled by the challenges of employment, it becomes inevitable for the students to opt for a stream which unfolds myriad career opportunities. Information Technology is one such field in the engineering that paves way for a shining future. IT additionally helps in expanding one’s ability and identity. Anyone having qualities like good communication skills, curiosity to come up with new ideas and passion to improve their knowledge in the IT industry can expect the best things in their career. The most alluring part of this field is that there is no shortage of job options at both entry-level and expert level, as the IT sector is expanding by a quantum fold. After completing their B-Tech in IT, students can seek jobs at almost all the major Multinational Corporations (MNCs) l

  As an individual everyone seeks physical and mental well-being. But with the rapidly growing hastiness, we often tend to lead a considerab...